POORNIMA MESSAGE OF SHRI SATPATHYJI
people interpret God as the primordial nature of the cosmos
or hold nature as the most vital aspect of God through
which He manifests Himself. The cosmos and every thing
within it, seen-unseen and living-non living, is made
of the elements of this primordial nature. All life forms
on earth are nothing but different expressions of nature.
The Hindu Vedic seers had gone a long way in explaining
the relationship between God and universal nature. They
had realised the importance of proper use, protection
and growth of nature. They understood that if we don't
take care of nature, nature cannot take care of us for
the times to come. The organic life forms on earth like
plants, animals, and human beings sustain and multiply
under certain conditions. Any climatic and environmental
change, whether natural or manmade, is bound to bring
disaster to all the life forms on earth. So many hymns
were composed by the Vedic saints to highlight this theme
and prescribe methods for the protection of nature. Today,
climate change and global warming have become global concerns.
For example, Yajurveda (Y.V.13.37) mentions about the
ill effects of cutting trees and the poisoning of atmosphere.
It further discusses energy balance of the global eco-system.
It says, "no persons should kill animals helpful
to air." All of us have to address this problem with
all the seriousness that it deserves.
Earth is estimated to be 4.6 billion years old. In it's
nascent state, the earth was a fire ball full of volcanos
and was incapable of generating and protecting life. Over
a long period of time, the earth cooled down because of
which a solid crust and a watery surface were created.
Gradually, the various elements of nature like the chemicals
and gasses favourable to life form were created. Between
3.8 to 4.1 billion years ago, the Earth was a planet with
an atmosphere and an ocean. Life forms appeared on Earth
3.8 to 3.5 billion years ago. An evolutionary split known
as Human-Chimpanzee divergence occurred about six million
years ago. Thereafter, Homo Sapiens species—commonly
known as human beings—came into existence 2.3 to
2.4 million years ago. Thus, it can be said that a certain
ecological condition or favourable environment created
different life forms on earth and sustained it .
are certain factors that make our planet habitable. They
are temperature (life on earth exists within a temperature
range of minus 15 degree C to minus 115 degree C), energy
(organisms use light and/or chemical energy), water (dissolves
and transports chemicals and forms cells), atmosphere
(traps heat, shields earth's surface from harmful radiation
and provides chemicals like Nitrogen and Carbon dioxide
required to sustain life), and nutrients (essentially
required to build and maintain an organic body).
factors go through natural change. The human society is
also responsible for certain adverse changes. Let us discuss
about the human induced ecological imbalances that need
to be checked. These are over-exploitation of natural
resources leading to imbalance in the eco-system, habitat
destruction, inappropriate use of agriculture and forestry,
land and marine resources, organic and inorganic pollution,
urban and industrial discharge, plastics and many more
pollutants. Similarly bio-invasion, which is an intentional
or unintentional act perpetrated by the human beings to
introduce a species that is not native to a certain eco-system
is also a matter of concern. It has been calculated that
about 7000 species of marine life are transported every
day. Finally, climate change is one of the major factors.
Climate change on earth is calculated in the geological
time scale. It generally means a change in the weather
and temperature pattern of the earth. Growth of human
population and rapid economic development have increased
the emission of green house gases which include Carbon
dioxide, Methane and Nitrous Oxide. Such gases cover the
lower atmosphere and absorb the long-wave (Infra Red)
radiation and do not allow it to escape. They result in
the warming of the earth's surface and the atmosphere
the human race is experiencing the adverse effects of
global warming and climatic change. For protection, it
has to re-condition it's life style and reduce the exploitation
and man-created pollution of nature. Each individual has
to be fully aware about the future shape of things to
come and contribute their best for maintaining the balance
of nature. Human society needs to protect and nourish
nature as the trustee of God . One can, therefore, say
that service to nature is service to God.
Shri Sai bless us.
C. B. Satpathy, New Delhi